How to Test Security of Website – Importance, Types, and Tips!

How to Test Security of Website

These days, the security of a website is critical. With cybercrime on the rise, it has become imperative for businesses to take necessary precautions to protect their online presence and customer data. One way to do this is by regularly testing the security of your website.

Website security testing is the process of finding and fixing vulnerabilities in your website before they can be exploited by hackers. It’s important to do because if your website is hacked, it could lead to data theft, financial loss, or even legal trouble.

In this blog post, we will discuss the importance of website security testing, different types of security tests, and how to test the security of your website with tips for improving your security posture.

What Makes Website Security Testing Important?

There are many reasons why website security testing is important. Here are some of the most important ones:

  • To Protect Your Customers’ Data: If your website is hacked, sensitive customer data could be stolen. This can result in identity theft, financial ruin, and a loss of faith in your company.
  • To Comply With Industry Regulations: Many industries have stringent data security standards, such as the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS). If you take credit card payments on your website, you must adhere to these rules.
  • To Avoid Legal Trouble: If sensitive customer data is stolen from your website, you could be liable for legal action. This could include fines, damage to your reputation, and even jail time.
  • A website breakage might jeopardize the success of your firm. It’s conceivable that your business will lose money, customers, and even close due to the costs of rebranding.

There are many reasons why website security testing is so crucial. It’s something you should give careful thought to before making a decision.

Types Of Website Security Testing

There are many different types of website security tests, but here are some of the most common ones:

  • Vulnerability Scans: A vulnerability scan is a type of automated test that looks for known vulnerabilities in your website’s code. These scans can be done manually or with a tool like Qualys SSL Labs.
  • Penetration Tests: A penetration test (also known as a “pentest”) is an attack on your website that is meant to reflect reality. This is a security test that white hat hackers, or ethical hackers, frequently perform.
  • Web Application Firewall Tests: A web application firewall (WAF) is a tool that inspects traffic to and from your website. WAF tests allow you to confirm that your WAF is functioning properly.
  • Security audits: A security audit is a look at your website’s security position from the perspective of an outsider. Audits can be done manually or with automated tools like Astra’s Pentest.

How To Test Security Of Website- Tips For You?

There are several methods for examining the security of your website. The best way to do it is to hire a professional security firm to do an assessment. However, if you don’t have the financial resources, there are a few things you can do yourself.

Here are some suggestions for assessing the security of your website:

  • Use a web application firewall: A web application firewall (WAF) may assist safeguard your website from attacks. Be sure to test your WAF regularly to ensure it’s properly configured and working as intended.
  • Keep your software up to date: Outdated software is one of the most common ways hackers gain access to websites. Be sure to keep all the software on your website up to date, including the operating system, web server, database server, and any applications or plugins you’re using.
  • Use strong passwords: Another frequent method for hackers to breach websites is by using weak passwords. Be sure to use strong passwords for all the accounts on your website, and make sure to change them regularly.
  • Train your employees: Educate your employees on the importance of security and what they can do to help keep your website safe. Make sure they know how to spot a phishing email, for example, and how to report it if they see one.
  • Always test in a staging environment first: Before you run any tests on your live website, be sure to test in a staging environment first. This will help to prevent any downtime or data loss.
  • Use automated tools: There is a wide range of automated security testing solutions available. These can help save time and effort and can find vulnerabilities that would be difficult to find manually.
  • Be sure to test all areas of your website: Security testing is not just about the webserver. Be sure to test all aspects of your website, including the database server, application code, and client-side code (JavaScript, HTML, etc.).

Common Loopholes Found During Testing

During website security testing, there are some common loopholes found. Some of these include:

  • Lack Of Two-Factor Authentication: Two-factor authentication (or “two-step verification”) is an extra layer of security that requires users to enter a code from their mobile phone in addition to their password. Websites that are secured with HTTPS can be attacked by hackers in much the same way as those on public IPs.
  • Insecure Password Reset: Passwords can be reset by contacting the website’s customer service department, which may be found on its homepage. Some websites provide a “Forgot Password?” option that lets customers reset their passwords via email. However, if this feature is not properly configured, it can be exploited by hackers.
  • Insufficient Authorization & Authentication: If your website does not properly check who is trying to access what, it could allow unauthorized users access to sensitive data.
  • SQL Injection flaws: SQL injection is an attack that gives hackers access to your database server and allows them to write harmful code. The attacker might use this to cause data loss or a website takeover.

Bottom Line

Website security is important for all businesses, big or small. By understanding the importance of website security testing, you can help keep your website safe from attacks. There are several sorts of analyses that may be done, so make sure you choose the one that is appropriate for your company. Be sure to test in a staging environment first, and always use automated tools to help save time and effort. If you find any vulnerabilities during testing, be sure to fix them immediately to help reduce the risk of attack.